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GrafTech Reports Second Quarter 2020 Results

BROOKLYN HEIGHTS, Ohio--(BUSINESS WIRE)--GrafTech International Ltd. (NYSE: EAF) (GrafTech or the Company) today announced financial results for the quarter ended June 30, 2020, including net income of $93 million, or $0.35 per share, and Adjusted EBITDA1 of $151 million.


"GrafTech reported strong cash flow from operating activities totaling $148 million despite historic headwinds created by COVID-19. This cash flow allowed us to execute on our goals of reducing our debt and maintaining balance sheet liquidity, " said David Rintoul, President and Chief Executive Officer. "Our disciplined operational approach enabled us to align production with the current sales environment and resulted in reduced costs."

Second Quarter Results and Key Financial Measures

 

For the Three Months
Ended June 30,

 

For the Six Months
Ended June 30,

(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

2020

2019

 

2020

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales

$

280,718

 

$

480,390

 

 

$

599,364

 

$

955,384

 

Net income

$

92,776

 

$

196,368

 

 

$

215,044

 

$

393,804

 

Earnings per share (2)

0.35

 

$

0.68

 

 

$

0.80

 

$

1.36

 

Adjusted EBITDA(1)

$

151,125

 

$

284,404

 

 

$

330,303

 

$

568,219

 

(1) A non-GAAP financial measure, see below for more information and a reconciliation of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA to Net income (loss), the most directly comparable financial measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP.
(2) Earnings per share represents diluted earnings per share.

Net sales for the quarter ended June 30, 2020 were $281 million, compared to $480 million in the second quarter of 2019. Lower net sales were driven primarily by reduced sales volumes, reflecting low demand from decreased steel production levels with the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economy.

Net income for the second quarter of 2020 was $93 million, or $0.35 per share, compared to $196 million, or $0.68 per share in the second quarter of 2019. Adjusted EBITDA was $151 million in the second quarter of 2020 compared to $284 million in the second quarter of 2019.

Cash flow from operating activities was $148 million in the second quarter of 2020, compared to $202 million in the comparable period of 2019. We ended the second quarter of 2020 with a strong liquidity position of approximately $435 million, consisting of cash and cash equivalents of $188 million and availability of $247 million under our revolving credit facility.

Key operating metrics

 

For the Three Months
Ended June 30,

 

For the Six Months
Ended June 30,

(in thousands)

2020

2019

 

2020

2019

Sales volume (MT) (1)

31

 

45

 

 

65

 

90

 

Production volume (MT) (2)

33

 

48

 

 

66

 

95

 

Production capacity excluding St. Marys (MT) (3)(4)

51

 

51

 

 

102

 

102

 

Capacity utilization excluding St. Marys (3)(5)

65

%

94

%

 

65

%

93

%

Total production capacity (MT) (4)(6)

58

 

58

 

 

116

 

116

 

Total capacity utilization (5)(6)

57

%

83

%

 

57

%

82

%

(1)

Sales volume reflects only graphite electrodes manufactured by GrafTech.

(2)

Production volume reflects graphite electrodes we produced during the period.

(3)

In the first quarter of 2018, our St. Marys facility began graphitizing a limited number of electrodes sourced from our Monterrey, Mexico facility.

(4)

Production capacity reflects expected maximum production volume during the period under normal operating conditions, standard product mix and expected maintenance outage. Actual production may vary.

(5)

Capacity utilization reflects production volume as a percentage of production capacity.

(6)

Includes graphite electrode facilities in Calais, France; Monterrey, Mexico; Pamplona, Spain and St. Marys, Pennsylvania.

Sales volume was 31 thousand metric tons ("MT") in the second quarter of 2020 and consisted of 26 thousand MT shipped under our long-term agreements and 5 thousand MT of spot sales. Production volume was 33 thousand MT in the second quarter of 2020 compared to 48 thousand MT in the same period of 2019.

COVID-19

GrafTech is proactively managing through the COVID-19 crisis. We have quickly adapted to changing situations throughout all the regions of the world in which we operate and conduct business. Our executive-led COVID-19 response team continues to meet three times per week to monitor the situation and adapt as needed. We continue to limit travel and have employees working from home where possible. Our facilities perform temperature measurement upon entry and our team members continue to use personal protective equipment, such as masks and gloves. Daily disinfecting activities are performed and strict adherence to social distancing guidelines is required. All these activities are guided by our "COVID-Safe-Work Playbook" and "Return to Work Protocols" and are closely monitored with daily "check sheets". The result of this hard work is that we have managed to keep 99% of our employees healthy to date.

Commercial Update

GrafTech services customers at over 300 locations across the globe all of which have been impacted by COVID-19. The recovery for some customers has begun, however, each region is impacted and recovering at significantly different rates.

The commercial team worked diligently to achieve solid results in the second quarter. We delivered a total of 31,000 MT in the second quarter, of which 26,000 MT represented deliveries under our long-term agreements ("LTAs") and 5,000 MT were the result of spot sales. Our total deliveries under our LTAs were 55,000 MT for the first half of 2020 and we continue to expect deliveries under the LTAs of 100,000-115,000 MT for the full year.

As anticipated, the spot price of graphite electrodes continued to trend lower during the second quarter. Our average price for non-LTA business in Q2 was approximately $5,500 per MT and we expect further market spot price erosion in the third quarter. The needle coke market continued to soften as well.

The current market continues to challenge our customers including those with LTAs. Over the course of the COVID-19 crisis, we have received force majeure claims from approximately 35 customers. Several customers are struggling to take their committed volumes causing some delays and non-performance including a few arbitrations associated with, among other things, efforts to modify the existing contracts.

We are working hard with our valued customers to develop mutually beneficial solutions to address the current challenging environment, but we will take every measure to ensure that customers fulfill their legal obligations and commitments under these contracts. These negotiations are ongoing and have successfully resulted in modifications with some of our strategic customers to provide near-term relief while extending the term of their contracts.

Operational Update

We have been successful at keeping our plants operational through the COVID-19 crisis. We have aligned our operations to our expected sales and have maintained a 98% on-time delivery rate through these difficult times. Our Seadrift plant recently completed its scheduled maintenance outage on time and on budget.

We have eliminated discretionary spending throughout the organization and adjusted our workforce to match current production levels. We met our goal of reducing fixed production costs by 15% in the second quarter which assisted in achieving a 12% reduction year-to-date when compared to 2019 levels. We continue to manage our capital expenditures in line with our reduced target and expect approximately $35 million for the full year.

Capital Structure and Capital Allocation

During the second quarter we reduced our debt by $103 million. We will continue to prioritize balance sheet flexibility and expect to use the majority of our incremental free cash flow in 2020 to reduce debt, but will continue to examine opportunities to repurchase stock.

Outlook

The second half of 2020 will continue to be challenging as we and our customers face macro-economic headwinds. We foresee a measured recovery in the industry when the pandemic eases as customers work through inventory levels that were elevated prior to the onset of the pandemic. We expect overall demand and pricing to remain low for the remainder of 2020.

We have full confidence in the strengths of the Electric Arc Furnace and graphite electrode businesses. The environmental and economic attributes of these industries are key advantages and position them for continued growth over the longer term.

We believe GrafTech is well positioned to navigate the challenges of the current environment and the opportunities in the future recovery given our leadership position in the industry, our strong cash flows, and our advantaged cost position.

Conference Call

In conjunction with this earnings release, you are invited to listen to our earnings call being held on August 6, 2020 at 4:00 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time. The webcast and accompanying slide presentation will be available at www.GrafTech.com, in the Investors section. The earnings call dial-in number is +1 (844) 437-4785 toll-free in the U.S. and Canada or +1 (607) 598-0105 for overseas calls. A replay of the Conference Call will be available until November 6, 2020 by dialing +1 (866) 215-1112 toll-free in the U.S. and Canada or +1 (725) 223-0887 for overseas calls, conference ID: 57343. A replay of the webcast will also be available on our website until November 6, 2020, at www.GrafTech.com, in the Investors section. GrafTech also makes its complete financial reports that have been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") and other information available at www.GrafTech.com. The information in our website is not part of this release or any report we file or furnish to the SEC.

About GrafTech

GrafTech International Ltd. is a leading manufacturer of high-quality graphite electrode products essential to the production of electric arc furnace steel and other ferrous and non-ferrous metals. The Company has a competitive portfolio of low-cost graphite electrode manufacturing facilities, including three of the highest capacity facilities in the world. GrafTech is also the only large-scale graphite electrode producer that is substantially vertically integrated into petroleum needle coke, a key raw material for graphite electrode manufacturing. This unique position provides competitive advantages in product quality and cost.

Special note regarding forward-looking statements

This news release and related discussions may contain forward-looking statements that reflect our current views with respect to, among other things, future events and financial performance. You can identify these forward-looking statements by the use of forward-looking words such as “will,” “may,” “plan,” “estimate,” “project,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “foresee”, “intend,” “should,” “would,” “could,” “target,” “goal,” “continue to,” “positioned to,” "are confident", or the negative version of those words or other comparable words. Any forward-looking statements contained in this news release are based upon our historical performance and on our current plans, estimates and expectations considering information currently available to us. The inclusion of this forward-looking information should not be regarded as a representation by us that the future plans, estimates, or expectations contemplated by us will be achieved. Our expectations and targets are not predictions of actual performance and historically our performance has deviated, often significantly, from our expectations and targets. These forward-looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties and assumptions relating to our operations, financial results, financial condition, business, prospects, growth strategy and liquidity. Accordingly, there are or will be important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those indicated in these statements. We believe that these factors include, but are not limited to: the ultimate impact that the COVID-19 pandemic has on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows; the cyclical nature of our business and the selling prices of our products may lead to periods of reduced profitability and net losses in the future; the possibility that we may be unable to implement our business strategies, including our ability to secure and maintain longer-term customer contracts, in an effective manner; the risks and uncertainties associated with litigation, arbitration, and like disputes, including disputes related to contractual commitments; the possibility that global graphite electrode overcapacity may adversely affect graphite electrode prices; pricing for graphite electrodes has historically been cyclical and the price of graphite electrodes may continue to decline in the future; the sensitivity of our business and operating results to economic conditions and the possibility others may not be able to fulfill their obligations to us in a timely fashion or at all; our dependence on the global steel industry generally and the electric arc furnace steel industry in particular; the competitiveness of the graphite electrode industry; our dependence on the supply of petroleum needle coke; our dependence on supplies of raw materials (in addition to petroleum needle coke) and energy; the possibility that our manufacturing operations are subject to hazards; changes in, or more stringent enforcement of, health, safety and environmental regulations applicable to our manufacturing operations and facilities; the legal, compliance, economic, social and political risks associated with our substantial operations in multiple countries; the possibility that fluctuation of foreign currency exchange rates could materially harm our financial results; the possibility that our results of operations could deteriorate if our manufacturing operations were substantially disrupted for an extended period, including as a result of equipment failure, climate change, regulatory issues, natural disasters, public health crises, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, political crises or other catastrophic events; our dependence on third parties for certain construction, maintenance, engineering, transportation, warehousing and logistics services; the possibility that we are unable to recruit or retain key management and plant operating personnel or successfully negotiate with the representatives of our employees, including labor unions; the possibility that we may divest or acquire businesses, which could require significant management attention or disrupt our business; the sensitivity of goodwill on our balance sheet to changes in the market; the possibility that we are subject to information technology systems failures, cybersecurity attacks, network disruptions and breaches of data security; our dependence on protecting our intellectual property; the possibility that third parties may claim that our products or processes infringe their intellectual property rights; the possibility that significant changes in our jurisdictional earnings mix or in the tax laws of those jurisdictions could adversely affect our business; the possibility that our indebtedness could limit our financial and operating activities or that our cash flows may not be sufficient to service our indebtedness; the possibility that restrictive covenants in our financing agreements could restrict or limit our operations; the fact that borrowings under certain of our existing financing agreements subjects us to interest rate risk; the possibility of a lowering or withdrawal of the ratings assigned to our debt; the possibility that disruptions in the capital and credit markets could adversely affect our results of operations, cash flows and financial condition, or those of our customers and suppliers; the possibility that highly concentrated ownership of our common stock may prevent minority stockholders from influencing significant corporate decisions; the possibility that we may not pay cash dividends on our common stock in the future; the fact that certain of our stockholders have the right to engage or invest in the same or similar businesses as us; the possibility that the market price of our common stock could be negatively affected by sales of substantial amounts of our common stock in the public markets, including by Brookfield Asset Management Inc. and its affiliates; the fact that certain provisions of our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation and our Amended and Restated By-Laws could hinder, delay or prevent a change of control; the fact that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware will be the exclusive forum for substantially all disputes between us and our stockholders; and our status as a "controlled company" within the meaning of the New York Stock Exchange corporate governance standards, which allows us to qualify for exemptions from certain corporate governance requirements.

These factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with the other cautionary statements, including the Risk Factors section included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period March 31, 2020, and other filings with the SEC. The forward-looking statements made in this press release relate only to events as of the date on which the statements are made. We do not undertake any obligation to publicly update or review any forward-looking statement, except as required by law, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise.

Non-GAAP financial measures

In addition to providing results that are determined in accordance with GAAP, we have provided certain financial measures that are not in accordance with GAAP. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are non-GAAP financial measures. We define EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure, as net income or loss plus interest expense, minus interest income, plus income taxes, and depreciation and amortization. We define adjusted EBITDA as EBITDA plus any pension and other post-employment benefit ("OPEB") plan expenses, initial and follow-on public offering and related expenses, non-cash gains or losses from foreign currency remeasurement of non-operating assets and liabilities in our foreign subsidiaries where the functional currency is the U.S. dollar, related party Tax Receivable Agreement expense, stock-based compensation, and non-cash fixed asset write-offs. Adjusted EBITDA is the primary metric used by our management and our board of directors to establish budgets and operational goals for managing our business and evaluating our performance.

We monitor adjusted EBITDA as a supplement to our GAAP measures, and believe it is useful to present to investors, because we believe that it facilitates evaluation of our period-to-period operating performance by eliminating items that are not operational in nature, allowing comparison of our recurring core business operating results over multiple periods unaffected by differences in capital structure, capital investment cycles and fixed asset base. In addition, we believe adjusted EBITDA and similar measures are widely used by investors, securities analysts, ratings agencies, and other parties in evaluating companies in our industry as a measure of financial performance and debt-service capabilities. We also monitor the ratio of total debt to adjusted EBITDA, because we believe it is a useful and widely used way to assess our leverage.

Our use of adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool, and you should not consider it in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Some of these limitations are:

  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs;
  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect our cash expenditures for capital equipment or other contractual commitments, including any capital expenditure requirements to augment or replace our capital assets;
  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect the interest expense or the cash requirements necessary to service interest or principal payments on our indebtedness;
  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect tax payments that may represent a reduction in cash available to us;
  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect expenses relating to our pension and OPEB plans;
  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect the non-cash gains or losses from foreign currency remeasurement of non-operating assets and liabilities in our foreign subsidiaries where the functional currency is the U.S. dollar;
  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect initial and follow-on public offering and related expenses;
  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect related party Tax Receivable Agreement expense;
  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect stock-based compensation or the non-cash write-off of fixed assets; and
  • other companies, including companies in our industry, may calculate EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA differently, which reduces its usefulness as a comparative measure.

In evaluating EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA, you should be aware that in the future, we will incur expenses similar to the adjustments in the reconciliation presented below. Our presentations of EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA should not be construed as suggesting that our future results will be unaffected by these expenses or any unusual or non-recurring items. When evaluating our performance, you should consider EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA alongside other financial performance measures, including our net income (loss) and other GAAP measures.

GRAFTECH INTERNATIONAL LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Dollars in thousands)

Unaudited

 

 

As of
June 30,
2020

 

As of
December 31,
2019

ASSETS

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

187,656

 

 

$

80,935

 

Accounts and notes receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of
$8,247 as of June 30, 2020 and $5,474 as of December 31, 2019

181,308

 

 

247,051

 

Inventories

312,298

 

 

313,648

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

31,711

 

 

40,946

 

Total current assets

712,973

 

 

682,580

 

Property, plant and equipment

749,575

 

 

733,417

 

Less: accumulated depreciation

246,969

 

 

220,397

 

Net property, plant and equipment

502,606

 

 

513,020

 

Deferred income taxes

49,030

 

 

55,217

 

Goodwill

171,117

 

 

171,117

 

Other assets

97,710

 

 

104,230

 

Total assets

$

1,533,436

 

 

$

1,526,164

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

Accounts payable

$

50,862

 

 

$

78,697

 

Short-term debt

8,141

 

 

141

 

Accrued income and other taxes

90,453

 

 

65,176

 

Other accrued liabilities

64,563

 

 

48,335

 

Related party payable - tax receivable agreement

16,168

 

 

27,857

 

Total current liabilities

230,187

 

 

220,206

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term debt

1,704,521

 

 

1,812,682

 

Other long-term obligations

82,821

 

 

72,562

 

Deferred income taxes

48,142

 

 

49,773

 

Related party payable - tax receivable agreement long-term

42,479

 

 

62,014

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

Preferred stock, par value $0.01, 300,000,000 shares authorized, none issued

 

 

 

Common stock, par value $0.01, 3,000,000,000 shares authorized, 267,188,547
shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2020 and 270,485,308
as of December 31, 2019

2,672

 

 

2,705

 

Additional paid-in capital

756,812

 

 

765,419

 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(49,442

)

 

(7,361

)

Accumulated deficit

(1,284,756

)

 

(1,451,836

)

Total stockholders’ deficit

(574,714

)

 

(691,073

)

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

1,533,436

 

 

$

1,526,164

 

GRAFTECH INTERNATIONAL LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Dollars in thousands)

Unaudited

 

 

For the Three Months
Ended June 30,

 

For the Six Months
Ended June 30,

 

2020

 

2019

 

2020

 

2019

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales

$

280,718

 

 

$

480,390

 

 

$

599,364

 

 

$

955,384

 

Cost of sales

130,600

 

 

197,047

 

 

269,517

 

 

392,571

 

Gross profit

150,118

 

 

283,343

 

 

329,847

 

 

562,813

 

Research and development

710

 

 

713

 

 

1,422

 

 

1,350

 

Selling and administrative expenses

16,001

 

 

15,394

 

 

30,933

 

 

30,620

 

Operating profit

133,407

 

 

267,236

 

 

297,492

 

 

530,843

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other expense (income), net

311

 

 

863

 

 

(3,003

)

 

1,330

 

Related party Tax Receivable Agreement benefit

 

 

 

 

(3,346

)

 

 

Interest expense

20,880

 

 

32,969

 

 

46,552

 

 

66,669

 

Interest income

(348

)

 

(731

)

 

(1,489

)

 

(1,145

)

Income before provision for income taxes

112,564

 

 

234,135

 

 

258,778

 

 

463,989

 

Provision for income taxes

19,788

 

 

37,767

 

 

43,734

 

 

70,185

 

Net income

$

92,776

 

 

$

196,368

 

 

$

215,044

 

 

$

393,804

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic income per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income per share

$

0.35

 

 

$

0.68

 

 

$

0.80

 

 

$

1.36

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding

267,249,580

 

 

290,565,408

 

 

268,233,233

 

 

290,562,234

 

Diluted income per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income per share

$

0.35

 

 

$

0.68

 

 

$

0.80

 

 

$

1.36

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding

267,260,395

 

 

290,574,153

 

 

268,243,997

 

 

290,571,132

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Contacts

Wendy Watson
216-676-2000


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