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Baker Hughes Company Announces First Quarter 2020 Results

  • Orders of $5.5 billion for the quarter, down 20% sequentially and down 3% year-over-year
  • Revenue of $5.4 billion for the quarter, down 15% sequentially and down 3% year-over-year
  • GAAP operating loss of $16,059 million for the quarter, down sequentially and year-over-year
  • Adjusted operating income (a non-GAAP measure) of $240 million for the quarter, down 56% sequentially and down 12% year-over-year
  • GAAP diluted loss per share of $(15.64) for the quarter which included $15.75 per share of adjusting items. Adjusted diluted earnings per share (a non-GAAP measure) were $0.11.
  • Cash flows generated from operating activities were $478 million for the quarter. Free cash flow (a non-GAAP measure) for the quarter was $152 million.

    The Company presents its financial results in accordance with GAAP. However, management believes that using additional non-GAAP measures will enhance the evaluation of the profitability of the Company and its ongoing operations. Please see Tables 1a, 1b and 1c in the section entitled "Charges & Credits" for a reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP financial measures. Certain columns and rows in our tables and financial statements may not sum up due to the use of rounded numbers.

LONDON & HOUSTON--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Baker Hughes Company (NYSE: BKR) ("Baker Hughes" or the "Company") announced results today for the first quarter of 2020.


 

Three Months Ended

 

Variance

(in millions except per share amounts)

March 31,

2020

December 31,

2019

March 31,

2019

 

Sequential

Year-over-

year

Orders

$

5,532

 

$

6,944

 

$

5,693

 

 

(20

)%

(3

)%

Revenue

5,425

 

6,347

 

5,615

 

 

(15

)%

(3

)%

Operating income (loss)

(16,059

)

331

 

176

 

 

U

 

U

 

Adjusted operating income (non-GAAP)

240

 

546

 

273

 

 

(56

)%

(12

)%

Net income (loss) attributable to Baker Hughes

(10,210

)

48

 

32

 

 

U

 

U

 

Adjusted net income (non-GAAP) attributable to Baker Hughes

70

 

179

 

76

 

 

(61

)%

(8

)%

EPS attributable to Class A shareholders

(15.64

)

0.07

 

0.06

 

 

U

 

U

 

Adjusted EPS (non-GAAP) attributable to Class A shareholders

0.11

 

0.27

 

0.15

 

 

(59

)%

(27

)%

Cash flow from operating activities

478

 

1,357

 

(184

)

 

(65

)%

F

 

Free cash flow (non-GAAP)

152

 

1,053

 

(419

)

 

(86

)%

F

 

"F" is used in most instances when variance is above 100%. Additionally, "U" is used in most instances when variance is below (100)%.

Despite a volatile macro environment driven by a significant decline in oil prices and the COVID-19 pandemic, we produced solid results in our Turbomachinery & Process Solutions (TPS) and Oilfield Services (OFS) businesses and generated over $150 million of free cash flow despite typical seasonal headwinds in the first quarter. The strength of our Company and diversity of our portfolio are most apparent in times like these. Our coordinated crisis response, continued execution for customers and shareholders, and strong balance sheet all reflect the best of Baker Hughes. I am extremely proud of our team for their focus and perseverance through an extraordinary set of circumstances,” said Lorenzo Simonelli, Baker Hughes Chairman and Chief Executive Officer.

During the first quarter, the macro environment changed rapidly. The sudden demand shock from COVID-19 combined with rising global oil supply drove a 67% decline in oil prices during the first quarter. Looking forward, the outlook for oil and gas demand and supply appears equally uncertain, and it will largely be driven by the pace of economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic and the supply response that ultimately materializes.

To navigate this challenging environment, we have taken decisive actions in an effort to cut costs, accelerate structural changes, and deploy technology and optimize processes that can lower costs for our customers. This includes reducing capital expenditures by more than 20% versus 2019, executing a restructuring plan to right size our operations for anticipated activity levels and market conditions, as well as continuing to deliver on our portfolio evolution strategy. While accelerated, these actions are in line with broader changes that we outlined previously to improve margins and operating efficiency.

As we look forward, Baker Hughes’ portfolio remains uniquely positioned to navigate the challenging market environment. Our strong backlog of longer-cycle projects and aftermarket services provides greater stability as our shorter-cycle businesses encounter pressure from the dramatic declines in activity. We remain committed to delivering critical technology that helps our customers operate more efficiently, lowering their cost and improving their outcomes,” concluded Simonelli.

Quarter Highlights

Despite unprecedented market challenges, the Company continued to execute on its priorities in the quarter. The early stages of this downturn have also encouraged innovative, cost-saving technologies and new ways of working with a growing number of customers around the world.

Supporting our Customers

In the first quarter, Baker Hughes’ OFS segment delivered 60% of its global drilling services jobs remotely and 150 remote wireline jobs across five regions. In North America, the team delivered 125 mile-a-day wells using remote services and set a new customer record by drilling 9,487 feet, or 1.8 miles, in a 24-hour period 100% remotely. After establishing a successful remote drilling track record in North America, the North Sea, and China, the team is expanding our capabilities globally to improve efficiencies and lower costs for its customers.

In another example, the TPS segment helped move our customer’s project forward in the quarter by conducting the first remote string test, a critical process required to ensure the engineering, functionality and performance of the Company’s turbomachinery equipment prior to installation. TPS performed a virtual string test on the first compression train for Venture Global’s Calcasieu Pass project using cutting-edge virtual technology to connect 21 experts in five cities around the world to facilitate, run and observe the test while maintaining safe working practices due to COVID-19.

Executing on Priorities

Despite challenged market dynamics, OFS continued to strengthen its position in important international markets, including several large multi-year drilling and completions contracts for projects across the Middle East. This includes a five-year contract to provide data visualization services using its WellLink™ Real-Time platform to gather, transmit, store and display upstream field data, which enables greater operational efficiency, safety, and performance across its drilling operations. OFS also secured a second five-year contract to provide drill bits for a project in Kuwait, and multiple contracts to provide liner hangers and intelligent completions systems for different customers across the region.

In addition, OFS was awarded a multi-year artificial lift contract by a major global operator in Sub-Sahara Africa. Under the contract, Baker Hughes will provide electrical submersible pumps, as well as installation, monitoring, repair and maintenance services for 100% of the customer’s artificial lift scope.

Baker Hughes’ Oilfield Equipment (OFE) segment also continued to gain traction in the quarter with Subsea Connect solutions, securing several contracts with Equinor in Norway. This includes a contract to provide spare and replacement flexible pipe systems, including risers, flowlines, and topside jumpers across multiple fields in the Norwegian Continental Shelf (NCS). In addition, OFE booked a second contract with Equinor to provide subsea production equipment and services in the North Sea. These two awards build on the strong relationship with the customer and help to expand OFE’s presence in an important market.

Baker Hughes' TPS segment continued the momentum in its offshore production business in the quarter, securing six contracts to supply turbomachinery equipment for three floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) units offshore Brazil. This includes a combined cycle solution together with High Pressure compression, which is an industry first for an FPSO, and will help the customer to significantly reduce its carbon footprint. Across all of the secured projects, TPS will provide LM2500+G4 gas turbines, steam generators and turbines, electric motor-driven compressors, and related turbomachinery equipment.

Leading with Innovation

Baker Hughes remains committed to innovation and being at the forefront of the energy transition. In the first quarter, the Company continued to drive advancements in energy technology to support customers in their goals. In February, Baker Hughes and C3.ai announced the second jointly developed application from the BakerHughesC3.ai joint venture alliance, called BHC3 Production Optimization. The AI-based solution allows well operators to view real-time production data, better project future production, and help optimize operations for improved oil and gas production rates.

Amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company has also supported communities where it operates globally. Baker Hughes has been working collaboratively with partners to identify, test and now safely deliver 3D-printed parts critical for protective gear needed by first responders. Baker Hughes is committed to this effort to apply the highest and best use of unique 3D-printing capabilities. All design time, labor and parts are being donated by Baker Hughes.

In addition, Baker Hughes’ Digital Solutions (DS) segment continues to support customers in a number of end markets outside of oil and gas, including the medical field. DS’ Waygate Technologies business leveraged its industrial X-ray and CT systems to work with digital manufacturing company 3D Systems to develop open-source CAD files for previously unproduceable ventilator parts, allowing additive manufacturers to produce ventilators faster than typical production methods.

Consolidated Results by Reporting Segment

 

Consolidated Orders by Reporting Segment

 

(in millions)

Three Months Ended

 

Variance

Consolidated segment orders

March 31,

2020

December 31,

2019

March 31,

2019

 

Sequential

Year-over-

year

Oilfield Services

$

3,147

 

$

3,284

 

$

2,997

 

 

(4

)%

5

%

Oilfield Equipment

492

 

1,104

 

766

 

 

(55

)%

(36

)%

Turbomachinery & Process Solutions

1,394

 

1,910

 

1,271

 

 

(27

)%

10

%

Digital Solutions

500

 

645

 

659

 

 

(23

)%

(24

)%

Total

$

5,532

 

$

6,944

 

$

5,693

 

 

(20

)%

(3

)%

Orders for the quarter were $5,532 million, down 20% sequentially and down 3% year-over-year. The sequential decline was a result of lower order intake across all segments, primarily driven by seasonal declines in Oilfield Equipment and Turbomachinery & Process Solutions. Equipment orders were down 34% sequentially and service orders were down 9%.

Year-over-year, the decline in orders was driven by Digital Solutions and Oilfield Equipment, partially offset by year-over-year growth in Turbomachinery & Process Solutions and Oilfield Services. Year-over-year equipment orders were down 4% and service orders were down 2%.

The Company's total book-to-bill ratio in the quarter was 1.0; the equipment book-to-bill ratio in the quarter was 1.0.

Remaining Performance Obligations (RPO) in the first quarter ended at $22.7 billion, a decrease of $0.2 billion from the fourth quarter of 2019. Equipment RPO was $7.9 billion, down 3% sequentially. Services RPO was $14.9 billion, flat sequentially.

Consolidated Revenue by Reporting Segment

 

(in millions)

Three Months Ended

 

Variance

Consolidated segment revenue

March 31,

2020

December 31,

2019

March 31,

2019

 

Sequential

Year-over-

year

Oilfield Services

$

3,139

 

$

3,292

 

$

2,986

 

 

(5

)%

5

%

Oilfield Equipment

712

 

765

 

735

 

 

(7

)%

(3

)%

Turbomachinery & Process Solutions

1,085

 

1,632

 

1,302

 

 

(33

)%

(17

)%

Digital Solutions

489

 

659

 

592

 

 

(26

)%

(17

)%

Total

$

5,425

 

$

6,347

 

$

5,615

 

 

(15

)%

(3

)%

Revenue for the quarter was $5,425 million, a decrease of 15%, sequentially. The decline was a result of seasonal declines across all segments.

Compared to the same quarter last year, revenue was down 3%. The primary driver of the decline was lower market activity.

Consolidated Operating Income by Reporting Segment

 

(in millions)

Three Months Ended

 

Variance

Segment operating income

March 31,

2020

December 31,

2019

March 31,

2019

 

Sequential

Year-over-

year

Oilfield Services

$

206

 

$

235

 

$

176

 

 

(12

)%

17

%

Oilfield Equipment

(8

)

16

 

12

 

 

U

 

U

 

Turbomachinery & Process Solutions

134

 

305

 

118

 

 

(56

)%

13

%

Digital Solutions

29

 

109

 

68

 

 

(73

)%

(57

)%

Total segment operating income

361

 

665

 

373

 

 

(46

)%

(3

)%

Corporate

(122

)

(118

)

(100

)

 

(3

)%

(21

)%

Goodwill impairment

(14,773

)

 

 

U

 

U

 

Inventory impairment

(160

)

 

 

U

 

U

 

Restructuring, impairment & other charges

(1,325

)

(159

)

(62

)

 

U

 

U

 

Separation and merger related

(41

)

(57

)

(34

)

 

(28

)%

22

%

Operating income (loss)

(16,059

)

331

 

176

 

 

U

 

U

 

Adjusted operating income*

$

240

 

$

546

 

$

273

 

 

(56

)%

(12

)%

*Non-GAAP measure.

"U" is used in most instances when variance is below (100)%.

On a GAAP basis, operating loss for the first quarter of 2020 was $16,059 million. Operating loss increased $16,390 million sequentially and increased $16,235 million year-over-year. Total segment operating income was $361 million for the first quarter of 2020, down 46% sequentially and down 3% year-over-year.

Operating income for the quarter was negatively impacted by approximately $100 million as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. This impact was driven primarily by supply chain disruptions and lower direct sales into the Asia Pacific and Europe regions.

Adjusted operating income (a non-GAAP measure) for the first quarter of 2020 was $240 million, which excludes adjustments totaling $16,299 million before tax, mainly related to asset impairments, restructuring and separation related charges. A complete list of the adjusting items and associated reconciliation from GAAP has been provided in Table 1a in the section entitled “Charges and Credits.” Adjusted operating income for the first quarter was down 56% sequentially, driven by seasonal declines across all segments. Adjusted operating income was down 12% year-over-year driven by lower margins in Digital Solutions and Oilfield Equipment, partially offset with margin expansion in Turbomachinery & Process Solutions and Oilfield Services.

Depreciation and amortization for the first quarter of 2020 was $355 million.

Corporate costs were $122 million in the first quarter of 2020, up 3% sequentially and up 21% year-over-year.

Other Financial Items

Income tax expense in the first quarter of 2020 was $5 million.

GAAP diluted loss per share was $(15.64). Adjusted diluted earnings per share were $0.11. Excluded from adjusted diluted earnings per share were all items listed in Table 1a in the section entitled "Charges and Credits" as well as the "other adjustments (non-operating)" found in Table 1b. In the first quarter of 2020, in response to the impact on our business from the significant decline in oil and gas prices and the COVID-19 pandemic, we recorded restructuring, impairment, and other charges, including inventory impairments and separation related charges, totaling $1,526 million primarily related to product line rationalization and reducing headcount in certain geographical locations. In addition, we recorded a non-cash goodwill impairment charge in our Oilfield Services and Oilfield Equipment segments totaling $14,773 million.

Cash flow from operating activities were $478 million for the first quarter of 2020. Free cash flow (a non-GAAP measure) for the quarter was $152 million. A reconciliation from GAAP has been provided in Table 1c in the section entitled "Charges and Credits."

Capital expenditures, net of proceeds from disposal of assets, were $325 million for the first quarter of 2020.

Results by Reporting Segment

The following segment discussions and variance explanations are intended to reflect management's view of the relevant comparisons of financial results on a sequential or year-over-year basis, depending on the business dynamics of the reporting segments.

Oilfield Services

 

(in millions)

Three Months Ended

 

Variance

Oilfield Services

March 31,

2020

December 31,

2019

March 31,

2019

 

Sequential

Year-over-

year

Revenue

$

3,139

 

$

3,292

 

$

2,986

 

 

(5

)%

5

%

Operating income

$

206

 

$

235

 

$

176

 

 

(12

)%

17

%

Operating income margin

6.6

%

7.1

%

5.9

%

 

(0.6

)pts

0.7

pts

Oilfield Services (OFS) revenue of $3,139 million for the first quarter decreased by $153 million, or 5%, sequentially.

North America revenue was $1,018 million, down 2% sequentially. International revenue was $2,121 million, a decrease of 6% sequentially, driven by Latin America, Asia Pacific, and the Middle East. From a product line perspective, the sequential decline of 5% in OFS was driven primarily by international Pressure Pumping, Drilling Services, Artificial Lift, and Completions.

Segment operating income before tax for the quarter was $206 million. Operating income for the first quarter of 2020 was down $28 million, or 12%, sequentially, primarily driven by seasonally lower volume, unfavorable foreign exchange, and impacts from COVID-19.

Oilfield Equipment

 

(in millions)

Three Months Ended

 

Variance

Oilfield Equipment

March 31,

2020

December 31,

2019

March 31,

2019

 

Sequential

Year-over-

year

Orders

$

492

 

$

1,104

 

$

766

 

 

(55

)%

(36

)%

Revenue

$

712

 

$

765

 

$

735

 

 

(7

)%

(3

)%

Operating income (loss)

$

(8

)

$

16

 

$

12

 

 

U

 

U

 

Operating income margin

(1.1

)%

2.1

%

1.6

%

 

(3.2

)pts

(2.7

)pts

Oilfield Equipment (OFE) orders were down $274 million, or 36%, year-over-year, driven primarily lower orders in Subsea Production Systems and Services businesses. Equipment orders were down 51% driven by lower order volume in the Subsea Production Systems business, partially offset by higher orders in the Flexible Pipe Systems and Drilling Systems businesses. Services orders were down 9%.

OFE revenue of $712 million for the quarter decreased $23 million, or 3%, year-over-year. The decline was driven by lower volume in the Surface Pressure Control and Services businesses. These decreases were partially offset by higher volume in the Subsea Production Systems and Flexible Pipe businesses.

Segment operating loss before tax for the quarter was $8 million, down $20 million year-over-year. The decline was driven primarily by impacts from COVID-19, lower volume and lower cost productivity.

Turbomachinery & Process Solutions

 

(in millions)

Three Months Ended

 

Variance

Turbomachinery & Process Solutions

March 31,

2020

December 31,

2019

March 31,

2019

 

Sequential

Year-over-

year

Orders

$

1,394

 

$

1,910

 

$

1,271

 

 

(27

)%

10

%

Revenue

$

1,085

 

$

1,632

 

$

1,302

 

 

(33

)%

(17

)%

Operating income

$

134

 

$

305

 

$

118

 

 

(56

)%

13

%

Operating income margin

12.3

%

18.7

%

9.1

%

 

(6.4

)pts

3.3

pts

Turbomachinery & Process Solutions (TPS) orders were up 10% year-over-year. Equipment orders were up 8% and service orders were up 11%.

TPS revenue of $1,085 million for the quarter decreased $217 million, or 17%, year-over-year. The decrease was driven by lower equipment and services revenue as well as business dispositions, partially offset by higher revenue in the Flow and Process Technologies business. Equipment revenue in the quarter represented 32% of total segment revenue, and Service revenue represented 68% of total segment revenue.

Segment operating income before tax for the quarter was $134 million, up $16 million, or 13%, year-over-year. The increase was driven primarily by business mix and cost productivity, partially offset by lower volume.

Digital Solutions

 

(in millions)

Three Months Ended

 

Variance

Digital Solutions

March 31,

2020

December 31,

2019

March 31,

2019

 

Sequential

Year-over-

year

Orders

$

500

 

$

645

 

$

659

 

 

(23

)%

(24

)%

Revenue

$

489

 

$

659

 

$

592

 

 

(26

)%

(17

)%

Operating income

$

29

 

$

109

 

$

68

 

 

(73

)%

(57

)%

Operating income margin

6.0

%

16.6

%

11.5

%

 

(10.5

)pts

(5.5

)pts

Digital Solutions (DS) orders were down 24% year-over-year, driven primarily by lower order intake across all businesses driven by COVID-19.

DS revenue of $489 million for the quarter decreased 17% year-over-year, mainly driven by lower volume across most businesses, as a result of COVID-19.

Segment operating income before tax for the quarter was $29 million, down 57% year-over-year. The decrease year-over-year was primarily driven by the impact of COVID-19.

Charges & Credits

Table 1a. Reconciliation of GAAP and Adjusted Operating Income/(Loss)

 

 

Three Months Ended

(in millions)

March 31,

2020

December 31,

2019

March 31,

2019

Operating income (loss) (GAAP)

$

(16,059

)

$

331

 

$

176

 

Separation, merger & integration related

41

 

57

 

34

 

Goodwill impairment

14,773

 

 

 

Restructuring, impairment & other

1,325

 

159

 

62

 

Inventory impairment

160

 

 

 

Total operating income adjustments

16,299

 

216

 

97

 

Adjusted operating income (non-GAAP)

$

240

 

$

546

 

$

273

 

Table 1a reconciles operating income (loss), which is the directly comparable financial result determined in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), to adjusted operating income (a non-GAAP financial measure). Adjusted operating income excludes the impact of certain identified items.

Table 1b. Reconciliation of GAAP and Non-GAAP Net Income

 

 

Three Months Ended

(in millions, except per share amounts)

March 31,

2020

December 31,

2019

March 31,

2019

Net income (loss) attributable to Baker Hughes (GAAP)

$

(10,210

)

$

48

 

$

32

 

Total operating income adjustments (identified items)

16,299

 

216

 

97

 

Tax on total adjustments

(84

)

(9

)

(9

)

Total adjustments, net of income tax

16,215

 

207

 

88

 

Less: adjustments attributable to noncontrolling interests

5,935

 

76

 

44

 

Adjustments attributable to Baker Hughes

10,280

 

131

 

44

 

Adjusted net income attributable to Baker Hughes (non-GAAP)

$

70

 

$

179

 

$

76

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator:

 

 

 

Weighted-average shares of Class A common stock outstanding diluted

654

 

653

 

516

 

Adjusted earnings per Class A share— diluted (non-GAAP)

$

0.11

 

$

0.27

 

$

0.15

 

Table 1b reconciles net income (loss) attributable to Baker Hughes, which is the directly comparable financial result determined in accordance with GAAP, to adjusted net income attributable to Baker Hughes (a non-GAAP financial measure). Adjusted net income attributable to Baker Hughes excludes the impact of certain identified items.

Table 1c. Reconciliation of Cash Flow From Operating Activities to Free Cash Flow

 

 

Three Months Ended

(in millions)

March 31,

2020

December 31,

2019

March 31,

2019

Cash flow from operating activities (GAAP)

$

478

 

$

1,357

 

$

(184

)

Add: cash used in capital expenditures, net of proceeds from disposal of assets

(325

)

(304

)

(235

)

Free cash flow (non-GAAP)

$

152

 

$

1,053

 

$

(419

)

Table 1c reconciles net cash flows from operating activities, which is the directly comparable financial result determined in accordance with GAAP, to free cash flow (a non-GAAP financial measure). Free cash flow is defined as net cash flows from operating activities less expenditures for capital assets plus proceeds from disposal of assets.

 

Management provides non-GAAP financial measures in Tables 1a, 1b, and 1c because it believes such measures are widely accepted financial indicators used by investors and analysts to analyze and compare companies on the basis of operating performance and liquidity, and that these measures may be used by investors to make informed investment decisions.

Financial Tables (GAAP)

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss)

(Unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

(In millions, except per share amounts)

2020

2019

Revenue

$

5,425

 

$

5,615

 

Costs and expenses:

 

 

Cost of revenue

4,670

 

4,639

 

Selling, general and administrative

675

 

704

 

Goodwill impairment

14,773

 

 

Restructuring, impairment and other

1,325

 

62

 

Separation and merger related

41

 

34

 

Total costs and expenses

21,484

 

5,439

 

Operating income (loss)

(16,059

)

176

 

Other non operating income (loss), net

25

 

21

 

Interest expense, net

(59

)

(59

)

Income (loss) before income taxes

(16,093

)

138

 

Provision for income taxes

(5

)

(67

)

Net income (loss)

(16,098

)

71

 

Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests

(5,888

)

39

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Baker Hughes Company

$

(10,210

)

$

32

 

 

 

 

Per share amounts:

 

Basic and diluted income (loss) per Class A common share

$

(15.64

)

$

0.06

 

 

 

 

Weighted average shares:

 

 

Class A basic

653

 

515

 

Class A diluted

653

 

516

 

 

 

 

Cash dividend per Class A common share

$

0.18

 

$

0.18

 


Contacts

Investor Relations
Jud Bailey
+1 281-809-9088
investor.relations@bakerhughes.com

Media Relations
Thomas Millas
+1 910-515-7873
Thomas.millas@bakerhughes.com


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